American Eskimo Dog

  • Other Names: Eskie, Miniature Eskimo Dog, Standard Eskimo Dog and Toy Eskimo Dog
  • Size: Small-Medium (3 different sizes)
  • Life Expectancy: 16 years
  • Average Weight: Toy: 6-10 pounds (3-5kg) Miniature: 10-20 pounds (5-9kg) Standard: 18-35 pounds (8-16kg)
  • Average Height: Toy: 9-12 inches (23-30cm) Miniature: 12-15 inches (30-38cm) Standard: 15-19 inches (38-48cm)
  • Grooming: Average
  • Shedding: Average
  • Exercise: Average
  • Training: Easy
  • Color: White or Biscuit Cream
  • Country of Origin: Germany
  • Personality: Alert, Loving and Playful


The American Eskimo Dog originated in Germany and was bred for guarding purposes. Other breeds also thought to be related are the Samoyed, Keeshond and Pomeranian. They was originally named the German Spitz and they were bought into America by German settlers in the early 1900s. Their name was changed in 1917 to the American Eskimo Dog. They were used as circus dogs in the 1930s and 1940s, where they performed tricks and even walked on tightropes. They grew in popularity as loyal companions and became a registered breed with the AKC in 1995.


The American Eskimo Dog has a bright, white coat that sticks out from it’s body and is very soft to touch. This breed looks all cuddly with their thick double coats. They have erect triangular ears and black eyes, nose and mouth which are very distinctive against the white fur. Although white is the preferred color an off white biscuit cream color is acceptable. Their coats are thicker around their necks, forming a mane and their coats should be completely straight with no waves or curls. American Eskimos have a very bushy tail that is carried over their backs. There are three different sizes including toy, miniature and standard. The American Eskimo is similar looking to the Samoyed and Japanese Spitz. These beautiful dogs make lovely companions and appear very alert and agile.


American Eskimos are affectionate and playful and are excellent with children. They are good watchdogs being naturally wary of strangers. However they will quickly become friends with anyone unfamiliar once introduced. They love to be part of a family and are very intelligent. American Eskimos do very well at obedience training with their natural yearning to please and their high intelligence. They can be known to have separation anxiety, be overly protective or bark excessively if they aren’t given firm training and adequate mental and physical exercise. They are very loyal, protective dogs that thrive on companionship and enjoy being included in all family activities.


These highly intelligent dogs are excellent at obedience training and are often used in agility training as well. They need to know their place in the “family pack” as they can become dominant.


American Eskimo Dogs enjoy being indoors with the family but also need a backyard they can run and play in. Regular exercise is important as they are energetic and can become high strung without enough physical activity.


American Eskimos have very thick medium length coats that need brushing about twice a week. They do shed a decent amount so keeping up with regular brushing can help keep the shedding under control. Their coats should be kept natural and not trimmed. Only the feet should be trimmed to keep tidy.